In terms of cataract surgery, there are a lot of options available. Many different artificial lenses known as intraocular lenses (IOL) are available that performs different functions. Also, there are various methods to operate cataracts. While traditional cataract surgery and laser-assisted surgery are safe and effective, they differ in technique.
Traditional Cataract Surgery
Although complex, traditional cataract surgery is very effective and safe. A surgeon creates a small incision in the cornea’s side to remove the clouded lens. Through phacoemulsification the surgeon will insert a small pipe in the eye. Such device will release ultrasound waves which break up the lens so that it can be suctioned out.
With the same small incision, the surgeon will insert the IOL into the eye. Because the incision of the small size of the incision, it often doesn’t require sutures with the tissue of the eye tends to heal itself. The procedure is performed on an outpatient basis and takes around twenty minutes. Also, patient can quickly recover from this surgery.
Laser-Assisted Cataract Surgery
This form of cataract surgery has been used for removing cataracts for many years. It offers the same results as traditional cataract surgery; however, make use of a different method. It uses a femtosecond laser for breaking up cataracts. The surgeon will utilize special software for creating a surgical plan using a 3D image of the eye known as optical coherence tomography or OCT. The plan includes the depth, length and location of the cataract in all planes. Through the use of the eye’s unique map and settings made in the software, the incisions are made by the laser which also assist in removing the cataract.
The laser’s light energy causes tissue borders disruptions with minimal damage to nearby tissue. The surgeon will remove the old lens and insert a new one. Recovery time is similar to traditional cataract surgery and the majority of patients experience clearer vision and can continue with their daily activities rapidly.
The Right Method for You
You need to consult with your eye doctor to know more about both procedures which will enhance your vision. These methods have proven success rates so make sure you have a list of questions to ask to your doctor. Make sure you get all those questions answered so that you can make an educated decision. Also, ensure you choose the right eye surgeon to perform either procedure to you.